The name tuberculosis is derived from the bacteria that causes the disease. The bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis is transmitted through the air and when in contact with humans, causes infection of the lungs, the central nervous system and the circulatory system and, finally, death. It was also known as “eating disorder” in the past due to its use of internal organs.
Everyone can inhale TB bacteria, but only those affected have a weakened immune system. In people with strong immune systems, when bacteria enter the lungs, the immune system reacts by forming scar tissue or fibroids around bacteria, destroying their opulence. However, the bacterium manages to impale this barrier when the immune system is weak. Once admitted, they begin to multiply and affect various organs of the body. Although it is thought to affect the lungs more, it can also affect the kidneys, brain, and spinal cord.
There are two phases of this disease:
Active phase: – where bacteria are present in the body. Patients have symptoms and can transmit the disease to others.
Latent phase: the bacteria are present inside the body, but there are no obvious symptoms. This inactive bacteria is not contagious.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis bacteria disperse in the air when a person with active tuberculosis of the throat or lungs sneezes or coughs and everyone nearby can become infected. However, not all infected people get sick.
To deepen the subject, it is very important to know the symptoms of TB to avoid it. I have listed below the general signs of a person with tuberculosis and here they are.
- Deep cough: a person infected with tuberculosis will experience a deep cough. Often, when the disease is worse, you can see the blood in your phlegm.
- Fatigue: a person infected with tuberculosis feels an unusual weakening of the body or stress. In other words, it has bad resistance.
- Weight loss: sudden weight loss occurs in a person with TB. This weight loss is also caused by the loss of appetite.
- Chest pain: a person with TB will experience chest pain due to its effects on the lungs, which also causes breathing difficulties.
Tuberculosis is one of those diseases that everyone avoids. The main precautionary measure that a person can take to avoid this is proper self-discipline. Full hours of rest, proper nutrition and routine control in the doctor’s office are some of the things you can do to prevent not only tuberculosis but also other types of diseases. In addition, people who smoke are more likely to get this disease, especially if they lack rest and an adequate intake of food. It is also advisable to buy insurance to obtain certain benefits related to the medication to have a complete record of your health status. People with these types of diseases can be good predictors of health insurance because of the benefits they would need for the insurance of drugs from an insurance company. However, you should always be aware of the fraud insurance companies that are widely disseminating the current times.