Scientists discovered tuberculosis about history existed years in stuffed bodies, proving that TB has existed at least since 2000. Despite progress in treatment, TB remains a global epidemic. One-third of the population is currently suffering from tuberculosis. what is Tuberculosis?
The cause of tuberculosis is bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB can affect every part of the body, but it usually affects the lungs. Tuberculosis spreads through droplets floating in the air, and this occurs when the infected person sneezes or speaks or coughs. However, long-term exposure to an infected person must occur before infection. The body can hide the bacteria while the immune system prevents the disease.
What is causing the tuberculosis pandemic ? Improved public health programs have contributed to a steady decline in tuberculosis cases. The problem, however, is far from being solved. Factors contributing to the spread of tuberculosis in the United States and other countries include an increase in the number of citizens born abroad, overcrowded living conditions, growth of drug-resistant TB strains, lack medical care and increased poverty.
Poor ventilation and crowded conditions lead to the spread of tuberculosis. This is one of the reasons TB cases reach epidemic proportions. Immunity plays an enormous role in the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis. The immune system reduces the risk of tuberculosis to 1 in 10 cases per year and rarely activates a health condition.
Drug resistant strains of tuberculosis are a serious problem. TB bacteria have developed bacterial strains that resist both major TB drugs. There are also TB strains resistant to at least two TB drugs. This multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) is more lethal to people with this disease. Individuals with MDR-TB are more difficult to treat and require long-term treatment lasting up to two years.
. Administering one drug in the treatment of tuberculosis is dangerous as one of the mutant mutation bacteria enough to induce antibiotic-resistant TB. Currently, doctors prescribe standard drugs for this condition: rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. Streptomycin is also effective in the treatment of active TB. This treatment system will prevent the reproduction of all strains of Mycobacterium bacteria.
Some factors increase the risk of tuberculosis. A person with HIV is at risk of TB. A number of factors can weaken the immune system. Some diseases can suppress immunity, such as diabetes, HIV / AIDS and silicate. Some medications can affect the body’s immune system, including chemotherapy drugs and corticosteroidsPeople close to people with TB are at increased risk for the disease. What other factors can increase the risk of tuberculosis?
The older adult has an increased risk of developing TB because of the weak immune system. People who are malnourished, deprived of adequate medical care or who have a long-term drug or alcohol abuse are more likely to develop TB. Health care workers are also at increased risk of contracting tuberculosis.
In preventing TB infection, some countries vaccinate their children with BCG. It is a vaccine made from a weak Tb embryo and is the most effective vaccine in the prevention of tuberculosis in children. In the treatment of tuberculosis, doctors use a combination of antibiotics, because the use of only one drug can lead to bacteria resistant to this drug. The drugs currently used are isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol, in different combinations. In general, if treatment is applied along the way, a person can heal without problems and reintegrate into society within 6 to 9 months
Tuberculosis is a preventable disease. There are many measures you can take to protect your health. First of all, you should test regularly. If you have an immunosuppressant disease, live or work in a prison or care home, if you were born in a country with tuberculosis or other risk factors, you should have a Manto test every six months.