Do you know that tuberculosis is still a significant concern in the health sector to date? Even though many people think that TB is no longer a real concern in the world, there are several countries worldwide with high rates of TB infections.
According to the International Standards for Tuberculosis Care Union, this killer disease is still rampant since not all medical practitioners are actively involved in the reduction of TB incidences. According to the union, the disease incidences can only reduce if everyone knows about the causes, symptoms, and proper preventive measures.
Causes of TuberculosisTB is a bacterial infection which is transmittable via air contact. The disease is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and mainly affects the lungs.When a TB patient who hasn’t received any treatment sneezes or coughs, he/she spreads the respiratory fluids into the air. When other people get into contact with this contaminated air, they get infected with the bacteria.However, many people are not at risk of getting infected with these germs even though the disease is contagious. Those who are vulnerable to the infection are people with a weak immune system like; People with malnutrition HIV patients Aged people Babies Patients with autoimmune diseases
How to Discover the Infected PeopleAccording to medical practitioners, there are no visible symptoms to people with early infections. Remember the germs remains inactive since the patient’s immune system suppresses the spread of this contagious disease. This is where the patient is regarded to be having Latent TB.
However, a patient with active TB has various symptoms which include; – Fever which lasts for more than three weeks mainly in children- Sudden loss of appetite- Unexpected weight loss- Presence of blood in sputum when a person coughs- Sweating profusely especially at night
The treatment for this disease may take several months. According to medical practitioners, every patient must get treatment for not less than six months. During this period, the patient is required to attend therapies, take the antibiotics as prescribed, and take a healthy and balanced diet.