Tuberculosis (TB) is a deadly and serious airborne disease that is caused by bacteria. In most cases, it affects the lungs, but then, other body parts like the brain, bones, and kidneys can be affected. TB is of two types, that is latent TB and the TB disease itself. Latent TB is an inactive condition that doesn’t spread but then, it should be prevented from becoming active by seeking immediate medication after being discovered. TB disease is the other type; this is an active condition that is easily spread. Let’s talk much about these two types of TB;
Under this type, the sufferer already has the germs in the body but they are stopped from spreading by the immune system. At this time, you are not contagious and no symptoms at all. If not treated early, it can develop to be active.
Active TB disease
Germs multiplication is high and you have high chances of getting sick. Spread of the disease is high. Mostly, a high percentage of this type is due to reactivation of the latent TB condition.
From statistics, over 1.5 million people perish from this disease. There are areas with high infection rate; so, it’s important more about your cough and where you got it from.
How a person contract tuberculosis
A person can contract from an untreated person through coughing, spit, or sneezing. After such acts, the TB germs get flung into the air and those who haven’t been vaccinated end up contracting the disease.
Signs and symptoms
Since this disease mainly affects the lungs, common symptoms are persistent cough and sometimes with blood, chest pains, fever, shortness of breath, sweating and mostly at night hours, weight loss and poor appetite. TB symptoms in other body parts greatly depend on the affected area.
Isolation from others
Those with active type are supposed to stay at home while undergoing their treatment. They should at all not go to work, school, or even attempt to sleep with others in one room.
Wearing protective masks
Sufferers are ever advised to wear surgical masks when out there around other people. These masks are meant to lessen the transmission of the risk.
Ventilating living rooms
Sufferers of this disease are advised to stay in rooms that are properly ventilated to allow proper air circulation. It has been discovered that TB germs easily spread in closed space since there is no sufficient circulation of air.
Seek immediate medication
People in the past had fear being noticed by this disease, but then, this should be something of the past and once you notice some symptoms, it’s better to seek immediate checkups if they note the first sign of tuberculosis and cured if diagnosed with the disease.
Finish your course of medication
The entire tuberculosis care medication course normally lasts for about six months. Patients should always ensure they finish the entire course so as they can be relieved from this pandemic. In case you happen to be skipping doses or even stopping medication can lead to mutation of bacteria since they will develop the capability of surviving most potent TB drugs.